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Ashanti Region

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Ashanti Region

The Ashanti Region is the third largest of 10 administrative regions in Ghana, occupying a total land surface of 24389 square kilometers or 10.2 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. In terms of population, however, it is the most populated region with a population of 3,612,950 in 2000, accounting for 19.1 per cent of Ghana’s total population. The Ashanti region also harbors the capital city of Kumasi.

Geography and climate

Location and size

The Ashanti region is centrally located in the middle belt of Ghana. It lies between longitudes 0.15W and 2.25W, and latitudes 5.50N and 7.46N. The region shares boundaries with four of the ten political regions, Brong-Ahafo Region in the north, Eastern region in the east, Central region in the south and Western region in the South west. The region is divided into 27 districts, each headed by a district chief executive.

Climate

Tourism

Parks

    Bobiri Forest Butterfly Sanctuary
    Bomfobiri Wildlife Sanctuary
    Digya National Park
    Kogyae Strict Nature Reserve
    Owabi Forest Reserve and Bird Sanctuary

Recreation areas

    Kumasi Zoo
    Centre for National Culture

Historic sites

    Komfo Anokye Sword
    Manhyia Palace Museum
    Kumasi Fort & Military Museum
    Ghana Armed Forces Museum
    The Prempeh II Jubilee Museum

Festivals

Several festivals are celebrated in the region, the major ones being the Akwasidae and Adae Kese. These are religious festivals celebrated by some members of the Akan ethnic group of which the Ashanti belong. The festivals are celebrated to remember past leaders and heroes. Though they are dead, their spirits are believed to be alive and taking interest in the affairs of the living, watching their actions, and consulting with them during the Adae festival.

    Papa Festival
    Kente Festival
    Yaa Asantewaa Festival
    Mmoa Nni Nko Festival
    Nkyidwo Festival Nkyidwo Festival

Other Tourist Attractions

    Kejetia Market
    Patakro shrine
    Adinkra cloth printing in Ntonso

Demographics

Population

The center of population of the Ashanti Region is located in the Kumasi Metropolitan District. According to the 2000 census, the region had a population of 3,612,950, making it the most populous region; however, its density (148.1 per square km) is lower than those of the Greater Accra (895.5/km2) and Central (162.2/km2) Region  Majority of the region’s population are Ghanaians by birth (87.3%) with about five per cent naturalized Ghanaians. A smaller proportion (5.8%) of the population originate from outside Ghana, made up of 3.7 per cent mainly from the five English-speaking countries of ECOWAS and 2.1 per cent from other African countries. The non-African population living in the region is 1.8 per cent of the total population. Akans are the predominant ethnic group in the region, representing 77.9% of Ghanaians by birth. A high proportion (78.9%) of the Akan population is Asante. The non-Akan population in the region comprises the Mole- Dagbon (9.0%), the Ewe (3.2%), the Grusi (2.4%), the Mande-Busanga (1.8%) and the Ga- Dangme (1.4%). The other smaller ethnic groups form about 1.3 per cent of the population of the region.

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of the Ashanti region are below:

    Christian – 77.5%
    Muslim –13.2%
    Non-Religious – 7.3%
    All other religious groups constitute insignificant proportions of the population.

Transportation

The Ashanti region is served by the Kumasi Airport, which handles domestic flights. Five National highways – N4, N6, N8, N10 and N6 – and a few Regional highways such as the R52 and R106 serve the region.

The N4 connects Accra in the Greater Accra Region with Kumasi in the Ashanti Region through the Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, while the N6 connects both cities via Kwame Nkrumah Circle and through Nsawam. The region is also connected to the Central Region by the N8 and N10, both of which originate from Yemoransa in the Central Region. The N10, however, continues on, connecting the regional capital of Kumasi to Paga in the Upper East Region.

Districts

The political administration of the region is through the local government system. Under this administration system, the region is divided into 27 districts. Each District, Municipal or Metropolitan Area, is administered by a Chief Executive, representing the central government but deriving authority from an Assembly headed by a presiding member elected from among the members themselves.
Districts in Ashanti Region Region
District     Capital     Population
Adansi North     Fomena     235,680 (2000 census)
Adansi South     New Edubiase     129,325 (2000 census)
Afigya-Kwabre     Agona    
Ahafo Ano North     Tepa     71,856 (2000 census)
Ahafo Ano South     Mankranso     133,874 (2000 census)
Amansie Central     Bekwai     219, 508 (2000 census)
Amansie West     Manso Nkwanta     108, 768 (2000 census)
Asante Akim North     Konongo     126, 465 (2000 census)
Asante Akim South     Juaso     96, 885 (2000 census)
Atwima Kwanwoma     Foase Kokoben     234, 759 (2000 census)
Atwima Mponua     Nyinahin    
Atwima Nwabiagya     Nkawie    
Bekwai Municipal     Bekwai    
Bosome Freho     Asiwa    
Bosomtwe     Kuntenase     145,524 (2000 census)
Ejisu-Juaben Municipal     Ejisu     124, 179 (2000 census)
Ejura/Sekyedumase     Ejura     81, 119 (2000 census)
Kumasi Metropolitan     Kumasi     1, 171, 311 (2000 census)
Kwabre     Mamponteng     164, 668 (2000 census)
Mampong Municipal         Mampong
Obuasi Municipal     Obuasi    
Offinso Municipal     Offinso     138, 190 (2000 census)
Ofinso North     Akomadan    
Sekyere Afram Plains     Kumawu    
Sekyere Central     Nsuta    
Sekyere East     Effiduase     157, 378
Sekyere South     Agona Ashanti     143, 213

Districts of Ashanti Region

Education

Higher education

The Ashanti region has one public four-year institution, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi. In addition, there are a number of private universities and university colleges spread throughout the region.

    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi
    Garden City University College, Kenyasi, Kumasi
    University of Education, Kumasi Campus, Kumasi

Sports

    Kumasi Asante Kotoko, Ghana Premier League
    King Faisal Babies F.C., Ghana Premier League
    Main Stadium is Baba Yara Sports Stadium, Formerly known as Kumasi Sports Stadium

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Ghana, West Africa, Kumasi, Ghana Articles, Ashanti Region, Ashanti, regions in Africa

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